BOTANICAL NAME: Ulmus hollandica/U. procera
OTHER COMMON NAMES: English elm, Red elm, Dutch elm, Cork bark elm.
TREE DESCRIPTION: This relatively large tree can reach 45m (150ft) in height and up to 2.5m (8ft) in diameter, but elms are usually cut when they reach a diameter of about 1m (3ft 3in).
COLOUR: The coarse-textured wood has beige-brown heartwood and distinct irregular growth rings, with an attractive figure when plain-sawn.
GRAIN AND TEXTURE: The Dutch elm is tougher than the English, with more even growth and straighter grain. Dutch elm disease has led to short supplies of the wood.